Fish for Supper
Oregon has the world’s finest seafood. And Oregon State University has state-of-the-science
research that helps keep seafood fresh, safe, and abundant.
Take oysters, for example. For many people, slurping down a raw oyster straight
from the shell is a gastronomic delight. For a few people, that delight can
be followed by a belly punch. There’s a nasty group of organisms called Vibrio
that lurks in raw shellfish and can cause gastroenteritis. Researchers at OSU
have found ways to kill Vibrio by subjecting oysters in the shell to very high
pressure for about two minutes. The result is safe-to-eat, easy-to-shuck raw
Seafood has a notoriously short shelf life. Fish, like visitors, stink after
three days. OSU food technologists have developed a thin protective film that
can be used to coat fish fillets to keep them fresh much longer. Yanyun Zhao
and research associate Jingyun Duan developed the edible coating from a mixture
of fish oil and chitosan made from crustacean shells. The coating not only
increases the shelf life of fresh fillets, it also adds nutritious omega-3
fatty acids to less oily fish.
Some seafood gets a bad rap for containing mercury. Because fish absorb mercury
from their environment, fish that live in contaminated water or those that
are older, larger, and higher on the food chain tend to accumulate more methylmercury
in their tissues. Locally caught Oregon salmon, shrimp, flounder, and oysters
are very low in mercury. But until recently, mercury content in tuna was averaged
for all species, with no distinction made between small, young Oregon albacore
and much larger, older tuna from the south Pacific.
OSU researchers compared mercury levels of commercial species of tuna and
found that albacore caught off the Pacific Northwest coast have substantially
lower mercury levels than the rest, well below FDA limits. And these small,
cold-water-loving tuna are notably higher in omega-3 fatty acids.
What about sustainability? Recent reports of declining ocean stocks and closures
of salmon fishing seasons remind us that seafood is not limitless. Fisheries
managers try to encourage use of abundant fish populations and reduce harvest
of weak stocks. But a strange new fish on the market might not be immediately
embraced by consumers.
Jae Park has helped pioneer ways to process low-value fish into surimi, a
seafood product that can be made to imitate popular seafood like crab and scallops.
His research turned fish that nobody wanted into a high-value product that
revitalized fisheries in Oregon and beyond. Since 1993, Park and colleagues
have hosted the Surimi School at the OSU Seafood Lab in Astoria and in locations
around the world to demonstrate new surimi processing techniques to food scientists
and manufacturers. Since then, surimi has become a major international commodity
with an annual value of $2.2 billion.
Okay, so Oregon seafood is safe and sustainable. But what if it glows in the
dark? As weird as it seems, glowing seafood does not present a food safety
problem, nor does it reflect mishandling during processing, according to Kaety
Hildenbrand, an OSU Sea Grant Extension specialist. “It’s caused by a harmless
marine bacteria and it’s surprisingly common,” she says, especially in seafoods
that have been processed with added salt.
Something to look forward to at your next candlelight dinner.