Pacific Albacore Tuna

Pacific Albacore Tuna header image
Home to Oregon's seafood entrepreneurs

The life of Cannery Row that John Steinbeck wrote about in the 1930s described
dozens of coastal communities from California to Washington. One of the largest
cannery towns was Astoria, Oregon, located where the West’s largest river joins
the world’s largest ocean.

link to video
Meet your meal! Pacific Fish Trax allows consumers to trace their fish from ocean to marketplace.

More than 30 commercial fish canneries once operated here, along the lower
Columbia River. But in the 1970s, after the Pacific sardine fishery collapsed
and salmon runs were dwindling, the last of the big tuna canneries moved to
Asia in search of cheaper labor and warmer waters.

But West Coast fishermen proved to be as spirited as their fictional characters.
In order to fish the Pacific, a commercial fisherman needs to know the water,
the weather, the fish, the gear, how to fix a diesel engine in a nine-foot
swell, and how to clean and store a fresh-caught tuna to keep it fresh until
landing. Now many of these men and women are also learning how to run their
own canneries, create seafood recipes, and develop product lines for the marketplace.
Oregon’s fishing communities are diversifying with new and better markets for
their seafood, with help from the Community Seafood Initiative (CSI), a partnership
that brings together the research expertise of OSU with the financial expertise
of ShoreBank Enterprise Pacific, a nonprofit community-development finance

catching tuna
Oregon’s albacore has three advantages in the marketplace: it’s caught in an environmentally sensitive way; it’s high in healthful omega-3 fatty acids; and it’s low in mercury. Photo by Michael Thompson.

The initiative’s partners connect people to funding and scientific expertise
for finding new and better ways to handle seafood from boat to market.

Let’s start in the boat, 50 miles off the Oregon coast. It’s late summer,
and the warm blue water of the California current is pushing albacore tuna
within reach of Oregon’s fleet of small, hand-line trollers. Pacific albacore
are caught one at a time on hook-and-line jigs, a precise—although time-consuming—method
of targeting tuna without harming other species or the ocean environment in
the process.

Albacore are basically warm-blooded, fishermen tell us. These small tuna come
over the stern of the boat 15 degrees warmer than the water. The first hour
on board is critical to cleaning and chilling the fish to ensure freshness.
OSU research has developed ways of bleeding, chilling, and storing the fish
to preserve the fresh flavor and quality of the catch. The extra time and expense
is repaid when Oregon albacore reach specialty markets looking for top-quality
sushi-grade tuna.

Oregon albacore has caught the attention of health-conscious consumers interested
in the benefits of West Coast albacore’s high levels of omega-3 oils, nutrients
that may protect human heart and brain function. The oils come from the rich
diet that migrating albacore find in cold West Coast waters. Large commercial
canneries would steam their tuna before canning, which dripped away most of
the natural oils. New methods of microcanning retain those oils and all their
potential health benefits. By adding fresh garlic or locally grown herbs, Oregon’s
enterprising new microcanneries have entirely reinvented canned tuna; and five-star
chefs around the nation are serving tuna and noodles with new gourmet flair.

Behind much of this innovation is the Consumer Seafood Initiative, part of
the $28.2 million Oregon Innovation Plan aimed at growing Oregon’s presence
in world markets by advancing some of the state’s most promising industries,
including marketing high-quality, value-added seafood. In 2002, research at
OSU’s Seafood Lab helped CSI launch its first value-added seafood project,
the development of prepacked oyster shooters and an in-the-shell shucking method
to add value to the region’s oyster industry.

Renee Bellinger
Renee Bellinger coordinates genetic analysis for OSU’s Collaborative Research of Oregon Ocean Salmon project in Newport. Her work helps track the strength and movements of particular populations of wild Pacific salmon. Photo by Lynn Ketchum.

CSI supported the development of a seafood traceability system that helps
consumers learn the “who, what, where, and how” of Oregon seafood right at
the marketplace.

More recently, CSI has supported the development of a seafood traceability
system that helps consumers learn the “who, what, where and how” of Oregon
seafood right at the marketplace. Pacific Fish Trax is a combination scientific
venture and public outreach effort that is designed to ultimately shed light
on the state’s commercial fishing industry and strengthen wild fish runs.

“All of the participants share the goal of using science to improve management
and help sustain our seafood harvest,” said Gil Sylvia, an OSU seafood economist
and superintendent of the Coastal Oregon Marine Experiment Station in Newport.

The system was unveiled last winter at New Seasons Markets in Portland. Shoppers
who purchase albacore tuna fillets can stop at kiosks in the store where scanners
read a bar code on the label to reveal information about the fish: the fisherman
who caught it, the boat from which it was caught, and the processor who packaged
it. More information is available at the Pacific Fish Trax Web site,
where shoppers can track maps and graphics showing ocean conditions, water
temperatures, and even the contour of the seafloor where fishermen are working.

Gil Sylvia
Gil Sylvia, an OSU seafood economist and superintendent of the Coastal Oregon Marine Experiment Station in Newport, where he worked with Oregon fishermen to develop the FishTrax tracking system. Photo by Lynn Ketchum.

“It’s a way of connecting people directly to the food they eat,” Sylvia said.
Because of recent news about contaminated food and the potential for bioterrorism,
government agencies and individual consumers are paying more attention to where
food comes from. The pilot project was originally designed to track Oregon’s
ocean salmon, but project coordinators focused on albacore after regulations
imposed to protect a weak run of Sacramento River salmon prompted the widespread
closure of the Pacific Ocean to salmon fishing in 2008.

As each fish is caught, fishermen attach a barcode tag to the tail fin with
a link to an online database that records the fish’s journey from ocean to
market. Different consumers will be able to enter the tracking number and find
information tailored to their needs: where, when, and how the fish was caught;
its size and fat content; and all the steps in its processing.

“We look at seafood traceability as a positive marketing tool for fishermen
and an essential piece in tracking food safety,” Sylvia said. It is one more
stamp of quality that Oregon’s coastal communities are putting on their products,
the finest seafood in the world.